What are Bed Bugs?

    Let’s get specific and learn exactly what are these pesky creatures called “bed bugs”.  Bed bugs, similar to mosquitos, feed exclusively on blood, human or otherwise.  However, it does prefer to feed on human blood.  There are other similar species that choose to feed on animal blood, for example the “cimex pipistrelli” which prefers bat blood, but the bed bug prefers to feed on humans and will always seek that source for sustenance.

    The name came from their preferred home which is similar to any humans preferred home; a warm house that is insulated, and inside any kind of sleeping area.  They are also mainly active at night, but are not exclusively a nocturnal animal.  Unlike mosquitos however, bed bugs can feed off their victims typically without the victims noticing.

    What do bed bugs look like?  They are small, oval and brown in color.  Adult bed bugs have flat bodies about the size of an apply seed, but once they have fed their bodies swell and are reddish in color; imagine that!  They cannot fly but they can move quite quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings.

    Female bedbugs can lay hundreds of eggs over their lifetime, each about the size of a speck of dust.  Immature bed bugs, also called nymphs, shed their skin five times before reaching maturity, but first require a meal of blood before shedding their skin.  Under the best conditions, bed bugs can develop fully in as little as a month and then continue to produce three more generations each year.

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